The Coronavirus has greatly impacted our well-being and way of life. We can all share
testimonies about our families, friends, and loved ones who have fallen victim to this lingering
pandemic. The virus has significantly shaped our way of life. The psychological impact threatens
to have a lasting altering effect on the very fabric of our society if we don’t follow the guidelines
set out to help prevent the contraction and transmission of this virus. Community health
education and awareness are key to fighting against the force of this virus. It empowers citizens
to recognize the value of taking responsible action toward the prevention of the spread of the
disease by the individual and to others. Given this, the following article seeks to highlight
relevant facts about the virus itself, symptoms of COVID-19, and guidelines for taking
preventative actions as well as the pharmacist’s recommendations for taking supplements.
What is Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?
Coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 is a kind of virus that causes an infection in your nose,
sinuses, or upper throat. The disease can cause what doctors call a respiratory tract infection. It
affect your upper respiratory tract
(sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract
(windpipe and lungs). COVID-19 can be spread mainly through person-to-person or person-to-
surface. Infections can range from mild to severe.
What are the Symptoms of COVID-19
The symptoms of the coronavirus
can show up in as few as 2 days or as many as 14 days. It varies
from person to person. It is important that you
contact your local doctors immediately if you have
any of these symptoms mentioned below. Symptoms include:
1. It will first infect the throat, so you’ll have a sore throat lasting 2/4 days.
2. The virus then blends into a nasal fluid that enters the trachea and then the lungs, causing
pneumonia. This takes about 5/6 days to occur.
3. With pneumonia, comes high fever (temperatures above 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) and
difficulty in breathing.
4. The nasal congestion is not like the normal kind. You feel like you’re drowning.
COVID-19 Preventative Guidelines
The following are guidelines to help protect you and your loved ones from contracting the virus
and staying healthy:
1 . Wash your hands frequently and carefully
Use warm water and soap (antibacterial, antiviral, etc.) and rub your hands for at least 20
seconds. Work the lather to your wrists, between your fingers, and under your fingernails. Hand
sanitizer can be used when you cannot wash your hands properly. Rewash your hands several
times a day, especially after touching anything, including your phone or laptop.
2. Avoid touching your face
Covid-19 can live on some surfaces for up to 72 hours. You can get the virus on your hands if
you touch a surface such as a gas pump handle, doorknob/door handle, cell phones, etc. Avoid
touching any part of your face or head, including your mouth, nose, and eyes. Also avoid biting
3. Avoid skin to skin and skin to surface contact
Skin to skin contact such as touching other people can transmit Covid-19 from one person to
Physical (social) distancing
, also means staying home and working remotely when
possible. If you must go out for necessities, keep a distance of 6 feet from other people. You
can transmit the virus by speaking to someone in close contact to you
.Being in a group or
gathering makes it more likely that you’ll be in close contact with someone.
4. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze.
COVID-19 is found in high amounts in the nose and mouth and can be carried by air droplets to
other people as well as surfaces when you cough, sneeze, or talk. Covid-19 can stay on surface
up to 3 days, Use a tissue or sneeze into your elbow to keep your hands as clean as possible,
remembering to wash your hands carefully.
5. Clean and disinfect surfaces
Use alcohol-based disinfectants to clean hard surfaces in your home such as countertops, door
handles, furniture, toys, etc. Also,
clean your phone
, laptop, and anything else you use
Disinfect areas after you bring groceries or packages into your
vinegar or hydrogen peroxide solutions for general cleaning in-between disinfecting surfaces.
6. Wash fresh groceries
Wash all produce under running water before eating or preparing.
7. Wear a Mask
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone wears a cloth
face mask in public settings where physical distancing may be difficult, such as grocery stores.
When used correctly, these mask can help prevent the transmission of the virus. Keep in mind
that wearing a mask alone will not prevent you from getting the virus. Careful handwashing and
physical distancing must also be followed. There are circumstance where a mask shouldn’t be
worn, such as, a child under 2 years of age, a person who can’t remove the mask on their own,
and a person who has a hard time breathing.
8. Self-quarantine if sick
If you have been diagnosed as having Covid-19 by a health professional (Doctor, Nurse,
Practitioner, etc.), stay home until you recover. Avoid sitting, sleeping, or eating with your love
ones, even if you stay in the same home.
Pharmacist’s Recommendation on Supplements
Some supplements known as “immune boosters,” such as
that can contain vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, echinacea, etc., are in demand. There is no good
evidence that these or other supplements (ex. garlic, etc.) prevent COVID-19 or other viruses;
however, it’s perfectly okay if patients want to try them as they may be helpful as a preventive
measure as well as may reduce symptoms